Identify some of the major leaders and groups responsible for the founding of the original colonies in North America. 1) Who founded the colony.
2) When was the colony founded-
3) Why was the colony founded (Political, social, economic, religious)-
4) History of the Colony leading up to the French and Indian War
5) Colonies relationship with the Native Americans
6) Slave population

Key Terms:
Rice Plantations
Restoration colonies
tobacco farms

Team of Steve A, Kory D, and Kevin W
South Carolina
South Carolina

The Royal Colony of South Carolina

South Carolina was not recognized as a colony until 1719 ‍‍‍when ‍‍‍it was instated as a royal colony, but Carolina was settled much earlier than that date. In 1562 Carolina was visited by Jean Ribault at the head of the Huguenots, which were French Protestants. Ribault departed and made his way back to France. Carolina was later sought after by England in August of 1669. William Sayle and Joseph West led the voyage. Upon reaching Carolina Sayle passed away thus West took up governance of Carolina until the Lord Proprietors reached Carolina.

Political and religious reason for the formation of South Carolina

The sparse population of early colonial Carolina was because it was one of the Restoration colonies, which were seven of the original 13 colonies in America. The seven colonies consisted of, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and South Carolina. The colonies we called restoration colonies because the lands had been parceled out to a single person who helped Charles II gain his throne back from parliament in 1660. Carolina (at this point south and north were one), was given to the eight Lord Proprietors. The Lord Proprietors were influential men who had helped Charles II restore the monarchy; although they had power, they lacked funds to entice immigrants and had to look toward older, established colonies for immigrants. The population eventually grew when South Carolina was populated by Englishmen from the West Indies. Politically, South Carolina was made a colony because of a debt of gratitude owed by Charles II to the eight Lord Proprietors. South Carolina also needed many immigrants so the colony had to by accepting of any religion, thus the colony became known as an open minded region, and soon its population swelled(,%20Georgia,%20and%20Pennsylvania%20-%20Not.htm).

Economy and slave population

South Carolina’s economy started off poorly, struggling to stay afloat. Its main source of initial income was Indian slave trade, which was weak. The floundering colony found its economic salvation in Rice plantations,which heralded the birth of the economic boom in colonial South Carolina. Early attempts at cultivating this tropical agriculture proved to be failures, but colonist soon realized that slaves from western Africa were skilled in harvesting the rice, which prospered in the low marshy lands of South Carolina. The expensive commodity usually imported from
typical rice feild in South Carolina
typical rice feild in South Carolina

England now was in reach of all colonists, which began South Carolina’s climb to the top of the economic pyramid of the thirteen colonies. Along with a growth in economy South Carolina’s new source of income also gave rise to a large slave population. From 1790 the population grew from 108,895 slaves to 412,320 in 1860 while the whites only numbered from 140,178 to 291,300 in the same span as the slave boom. The vast increase of slaves can be attributed to the advent and perfection of rice plantations ( Tobacco farms provided another source of income for South Carolina. South Carolina would sell the precious
"to England, which was half the cost of other competitors.

Yamasee Indians
Yamasee Indians

Relationship with Native Americans
The colony of South Carolina had a pleasurable attitude toward Indians leading up to 1715, when the Yamasee Indians were forced to migrate to South Carolina because of a swell in Georgia’s population. Initially contact was friendly, until the Indians amassed a large debt from purchasing fire arms from the whites. Unhappy debtors began taking wives and daughters of the Yamasee Indians as slaves. In 1715 the Indians formed a confederation with other tribes and attacked South Carolina, beginning the Yamasee war. The Indians ravaged the countryside and killed much of South Carolina’s live stock, but the Indians were eventually pushed back south and nearly destroyed. Many of the Yamasee Indians were absorbed into the Seminole tribe. The fear of Indian attack kept settlers away from parts of South Carolina for nearly 10 years, but also initiated the change from Indian trade to rice plantations and black slave trade, which helped boost South Carolina’s standing ( Later, in 1729 South Carolina became officially separate from north and became known as the Royal Colony of South Carolina.
Works Cited
"South Carolina Department of Agriculture - South Carolina Tobacco Board." South Carolina Department of Agriculture - Welcome. Web. 30 Aug. 2011. <>.

"South Carolina Department of Agriculture - South Carolina Tobacco Board." South Carolina Department of Agriculture - Welcome. Web. 30 Aug. 2011. <>.

"South Carolina Rice Plantations." Yale University. Web. 30 Aug. 2011.

Written by: Kevin Wery
Revised by: Kory De Nardo